Brief Beirut History
The Beirut Governorate (Arabic: ﺔﻈﻓﺎﺤﻣ توﺮﯿﺑ, Muhāfazat Bayrūt) is the only Lebanese governorate that consists of one district and one city, Beirut, which is also its capital, and the capital of Lebanon. The area of this governorate is 19.8 km² (without suburbs); despite its small size, it is considered the most important region in Lebanon because of its economical, political, cultural, and social activity. Beirut is known for its renowned prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking. Because of its financial power and diversity Beirut was compared to Switzerland, and attracts so many tourists that it was known as "the Paris of the Middle East". Evidence of an early settlement in Lebanon was found in Beirut and Byblos, which is considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
The evidence dates back to earlier than 5000 BC. Archaeologists discovered remnants of prehistoric huts with crushed limestone floors, primitive weapons, and burial jars left by the Neolithic and Chalcolithic fishing communities who lived on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea over
7,000 years ago. Evidence also confirms that Beirut City has been built and rebuilt over many settlements.